Training Astronauts: NASA's Space Survival Tactics

Astronaut Training

Preparing for space travel requires rigorous training to equip astronauts with the skills and knowledge necessary for survival in the harsh environment of space.

Physical Fitness

Astronaut candidates undergo intense physical training to ensure they can withstand the physical demands of spaceflight, including cardiovascular endurance and muscle strength.


Training includes simulations of microgravity environments to help astronauts adapt to weightlessness, preventing motion sickness and maintaining spatial orientation.

EVA Training

Extravehicular Activity (EVA) training teaches astronauts how to conduct spacewalks safely, including handling tools, navigating outside the spacecraft, and performing repairs.

Spacecraft Systems

Astronauts receive extensive training on spacecraft systems, learning to operate and troubleshoot complex equipment crucial for mission success.


Training covers emergency scenarios, including fire suppression, rapid depressurization, and medical emergencies, ensuring astronauts can respond effectively under high-stress.

Survival Skills

Astronauts learn essential survival skills for potential off-nominal situations, such as water or food shortages, equipment malfunctions, and emergency landings on Earth.

Team Dynamics

Teamwork is paramount in space missions, and astronauts undergo training to develop effective communication, leadership, and conflict resolution skills to foster.


Training addresses the psychological challenges of space travel, including isolation, confinement, and separation from loved ones, equipping astronauts with coping strategies.